Charlotte Blease PhD, is a Keane OpenNotes Scholar at the Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School. Charlotte’s background is in philosophy of medicine and science, and interdisciplinary health research. Her current work focuses on the ethics and relational benefits of note sharing, including in mental health contexts. Her wider research interests are diverse. She has researched and published on conceptual, methodological, and ethical issues pertaining to placebo studies. Other research interests include artificial intelligence and machine learning, and the future of primary care, and she is writing a book length treatment on the subject for Yale University Press. She is a founding member of the Society for Interdisciplinary Placebo Studies, and enjoys collaborations with placebo researchers in the USA, and Europe. Charlotte is the author of over 70 papers spanning philosophical and ethical aspects of healthcare and medical internet research.
Howard Fields received his MD and PhD in Neuroscience at Stanford in 1965-66. Following clinical training in neurology at Harvard Medical School in 1972, he joined the faculty of the University of California San Francisco, where he is currently Professor of Neurology and Physiology Emeritus. His group discovered and elucidated a pain modulating neural circuit that engages endogenous opioids and is activated by opioid analgesics. Furthermore, they showed that placebo analgesia can be blocked by an opioid antagonist, opening the way to a neurobiological explanation of placebo analgesia. His later work centered on the problem of addiction. His team discovered nerve cells in the striatum that selectively encode the magnitude of a reward and how opioid control of the neurotransmitter dopamine contributes to motivation and reward-based choice. In 1997, he was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine and in 2010 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2018-19 he served as a member of the Congressionally mandated pain management task force to develop guidelines for the treatment of chronic pain.
Jefferson M. Fish, PhD is Professor Emeritus of Psychology, former department Chair and former Director of Clinical Psychology at St. John's University. In addition to Placebo Therapy, he is the author or editor of eleven other books about therapy, culture, race, and drug policy, and of more than a hundred journal articles, book chapters, and other works. Within clinical psychology, he has written widely on psychotherapy as a social influence process, on social and cultural factors in therapy, and on brief therapy—including brief behavioral, cognitive, strategic, systemic, and solution focused therapies, and on the use of hypnosis in brief therapy. He is married to the anthropologist Dolores Newton, who studies the Krikati and related tribes of Brazilian Indians. Dr. Fish, who spent two years as a Visiting Professor in Brazil, and who lived for a month with the Krikati, speaks English, Portuguese, French, Spanish, and German. He has served on the editorial boards of eight journals in the United States, Brazil, and India.
Jens Gaab is Full Professor at the University of Basel, Switzerland and Head of the Division for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy at the Faculty of Psychology. He is interested in the practice and research of psychotherapy and placebo and how to understand and use their mutual relationship in an ethically feasible way.
Dr. Jonas is a practicing family physician, an expert in integrative health and health care delivery, and a widely published scientific investigator. His book, How Healing Works, was published in 2018 by Ten Speed Press.
From 2001-2016, he was Chief Executive Officer of Samueli Institute, a nonprofit medical research organization supporting the scientific investigation of healing processes in the areas of stress, pain and resilience. Dr. Jonas was Director of the Office of Alternative Medicine at the NIH from 1995-1999, and prior to that served as Director of the Medical Research Fellowship at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians.
His research has appeared in peer-reviewed journals such as Journal of the American Medical Association, Nature Medicine, Journal of Family Practice, Annals of Internal Medicine, and The Lancet.
Dr. Wayne Jonas is Executive Director of Samueli Integrative Health Programs. He is also a practicing family physician, an expert in integrative health and health care delivery, a widely published scientific investigator, and a retired Lieutenant Colonel in the Medical Corps of the United States Army. Dr. Jonas was the Director of the Office of Alternative Medicine at the National Institutes of Health from 1995-1999. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Dr. Koob is an internationally-recognized expert on the neurobiology of alcohol and drug addiction and stress. He is the Director of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), where he provides leadership in the national effort to reduce the public health burden associated with alcohol misuse. As NIAAA Director, Dr. Koob oversees a broad portfolio of alcohol research ranging from basic science to epidemiology, diagnostics, prevention, and treatment.
Dr. Rakel was the founder and director of the University of Wisconsin Integrative Medicine Program where he was awarded tenure in the department of family medicine at the UW School of Medicine and Public Health in 2010. Dr. Rakel is co-editor of the Textbook of Family Medicine (8th and 9th eds), Editor of Integrative Medicine (1-5 eds), co-editor of Conn’s Current Therapy and editor-in-chief of Primary Care Practice Update. He is author of a book on the power of the therapeutic relationship titled, The Compassionate Connection (WW. Norton Publishing). He has received NIH funding to study the ‘clinician effect’ and to incorporate healing modalities into medical school curricula. He has been awarded a number of teaching awards, the Leonard Tow Faculty compassion award and has been elected to the Gold Humanism medical society. Dr. Rakel is now the Professor and Chair of the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine in Albuquerque, New Mexico.